Perpetual Traveller Overseas

www.perpetualtravelleroverseas.com/
People travel to fareaway places to watch, in fascination, the kind of people they ignore at home

Global Health Risks - Updated WEEK 19, 2019

Image result for travel health risks

Stay vigilant & healthy as you journey Perpetual Traveller's

Health Risks for...

---------- Week 19. 2019 ----------

Brazil
Dengue fever

Outbreak continues to rapidly expand. A sharp increase in dengue fever activity has been reported, with fatalities reported. The disease is spread by mosquitoes, and is present in both rural and urban areas. Dengue can cause a range of symptoms and has no particular treatment. Some people, especially those who have been infected before, get a more severe form that can lead to fatal complications. Although a vaccine is available in several locations, it is only recommended for people who have been infected with dengue in the past and are living or travelling in areas with high levels of dengue transmission. Prevent infection by avoiding mosquito bites.

Congo
Outbreak of Ebola virus in North Kivu and Ituri provinces

Increased cases, ongoing security incidents. An outbreak of Ebola continues to grow in the provinces of North Kivu and Ituri. Key response activities continue to be challenged but have progressively resumed despite ongoing security issues. International SOS is monitoring the situation closely. Ebola is spread by contact with the blood or other bodily fluids (including vomit and diarrhoea) of infected or dead people. Healthcare workers, household members and people participating in traditional funeral practices (touching the body) are at high risk. Continue to defer non-essential travel to affected areas. Prevent infection by paying strict attention to hygiene, and avoiding contact with blood and body fluids. Do not participate in traditional funerals. Do not go to health facilities where Ebola patients are being treated.

Kenya
Cholera outbreak

Outbreak ongoing. An outbreak of cholera has been reported in several counties. Cholera spreads via contaminated food and water. Symptoms include vomiting and profuse, watery diarrhoea which can lead to severe dehydration. Travellers staying in quality accommodation with access to safe food and water are at low risk. Ensure food and water for consumption are safe, and consider vaccination if likely to encounter unsanitary conditions.

Maldives
Increase in dengue cases

A surge in cases of dengue have been reported across the island including capital Male. The disease is spread by mosquitoes, and is present in both rural and urban areas. Dengue can cause a range of symptoms and has no particular treatment. Some people, especially those who have been infected before, get a more severe form that can lead to fatal complications. Although a vaccine is available in several locations, it is only recommended for people who have been infected with dengue in the past and are living or travelling in areas with high levels of dengue transmission. Prevent infection by avoiding mosquito bites.

Nigeria
Monkeypox ongoing risk

The ongoing risk of monkeypox following the confirmation of a traveller from Nigeria diagnosed with the disease in Singapore continues. There have been 'sporadic' cases of monkeypox identified in Nigeria since an outbreak in 2017. People can contract the virus from an infected animal. They may be bitten or come into contact with an infected animal's skin, blood or body fluids. Infected people can pass on the disease to others. Prevent infection by observing hygiene and avoiding contact with animals.

Pakistan
Polio cases

3 more cases confirmed, further environmental samples positive for polio. Polio cases have been detected in parts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (including the Tirbal Districts), Punjab and Sindh provinces. Additionally, environmental samples have tested positive in several provinces, including Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (including in the Tribal Districts), Balochistan, Punjab and Sindh. Some of these samples were collected in major cities including Islamabad, Faisalabad, Karachi, Lahore and Peshawar. Polio is a contagious viral illness that can cause paralysis and death. It is spread through contaminated food or water, or directly from an infected person. Prevent infection by ensuring polio vaccination is up to date.

Réunion (France)
Dengue outbreak

Additional cases; new area affected. Health authorities have declared an outbreak of dengue fever. The disease is spread by mosquitoes, and is present in both rural and urban areas. Dengue can cause a range of symptoms and has no particular treatment. Some people, especially those who have been infected before, get a more severe form that can lead to fatal complications. Although a vaccine is available in several locations, it is only recommended for people who have been infected with dengue in the past and are living or travelling in areas with high levels of dengue transmission. Prevent infection by avoiding mosquito bites.

Saudi Arabia
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) outbreak

National International Health Regulations Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 45 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection. Of the 45 cases reported, 9 cases, including 1 death, were linked to the outbreak in Wadi Aldwasir city. Of the 36 cases reported in Saudi Arabia, 10 cases were reported in Alkhafi city and 6 cases in Riyadh city.

Singapore
Imported case of monkeypox from Nigeria

A visitor from Nigeria has been diagnosed with monkeypox, and is being treated under isolation at the National Centre for Infectious Diseases. Health officials have placed 22 of his contacts in quarantine for 21 days, and others under active surveillance. Monkeypox is a rare viral disease and is not usually present in Singapore. Infection can spread from person to person through direct contact with skin lesions, blood or other body fluids, and contaminated objects. As the patient is isolated, and his contacts are in quarantine or under surveillance, the risk of spread is considered low.

Tunisia
Measles outbreak in several areas including Tunis

An increase in cases of measles have been reported from several parts of the country. Measles is caused by a highly contagious virus that spreads from person-to-person via infected droplets. Outbreaks occur frequently in under-vaccinated populations. Common symptoms include fever, cough and a characteristic rash. The illness can result in serious complications, particularly when very young children, elderly people or pregnant women are infected. All travellers should ensure they are fully immunised against measles.

---------- Week 18. 2019 ----------

Afghanistan
Polio remains an ongoing risk - new cases continue to be reported
A new case has been reported in Hilmand province. Polio is a contagious viral illness that can cause paralysis and death. It is spread through contaminated food or water, or directly from an infected person. Prevent infection by ensuring polio vaccination is up to date, including a booster. Travellers who will be in Afghanistan for 4 or more weeks may be required to show proof of vaccination within the 12 months prior to departing the country.

Congo (DRC)
Outbreak of Ebola virus in North Kivu and Ituri provinces
Record number of new cases in April. An outbreak of Ebola continues to grow in the provinces of North Kivu and Ituri. Key response activities continue to be challenged but have progressively resumed despite ongoing security issues. International SOS is monitoring the situation closely. Ebola is spread by contact with the blood or other bodily fluids (including vomit and diarrhoea) of infected or dead people. Healthcare workers, household members and people participating in traditional funeral practices (touching the body) are at high risk. Continue to defer non-essential travel to affected areas. Prevent infection by paying strict attention to hygiene, and avoiding contact with blood and body fluids. Do not participate in traditional funerals. Do not go to health facilities where Ebola patients are being treated.

France
The tiger mosquito colonized France. Its presence is official in 51 departments and is detected in 8.
The fight is organized, but it is almost impossible to eliminate it. The health authorities are also worried about the arrival in Réunion of the metropolitan tourists. In 2004 the first implantation of tiger mosquitoes is detected in the Alpes-Maritimes. Fifteen years later, the insect is installed in fifty-one departments and has been detected in eight others. This rapid colonization worries the health authorities who fear an epidemic of dengue, zika or chikungunya. The daily newspaper Le Monde invites metropolitan tourists traveling to Reunion, to use repellents, as the dengue epidemic department has warned about the potential risk for tourists to be infected.

Mozambique
Cholera outbreak and health implications following cyclones
Travel can resume, rising malaria cases. Two serious cyclones struck the nation within a five-week time span in March-April. Heavy rains led to extensive damage and flooding across parts of the country. A state of emergency has been declared. Thousands of people are affected. The provinces of Cabo Delgado, Inhambane, Manica, Sofala (especially the city of Beira) and Zambezia have been impacted with damage to infrastructure including power, communications and health facilities. Malaria and cholera cases have been reported. Cholera is spread via contaminated food and water and safe food and drinking water may be limited. Further health risks posed by the flood waters include injury, skin infections and other insect-borne diseases. Monitor this alert and the Travel Security Online advisory.

Nepal
First human case of H5N1
A fatal human case of H5N1 bird flu has been confirmed in Nepal. This is the first human infection detected in the country. Bird flu is consistently present in birds in Nepal, with frequent outbreaks in poultry. H5N1 infections are serious and can be fatal. Early treatment is critical. Most infections occur in people who have direct contact with poultry. Prevent infection by paying attention to hygiene and avoiding contact with birds and their environment.


---------- Week 15. 2019 ----------

China
Measles vaccination continued at the Hong Kong International Airport
Authorities have established vaccination stations for airport staff. Measles is caused by a highly contagious virus that spreads from person-to-person via infected droplets. Outbreaks occur frequently in under-vaccinated populations. Common symptoms include fever, cough and a characteristic rash. Measles can result in serious complications, particularly when very young children, the elderly or pregnant women are infected. All travellers should ensure that they are fully immunised against measles.


India
Seasonal flu outbreaks continue
Influenza is a viral illness, causing a sudden fever, cough, headache, weakness and muscular pains. Most cases are mild although some can be severe or even fatal. Pregnant women, adults over 65 and young children are at higher risk of severe illness. Prevention is through vaccination and attention to hygiene.


Thailand
Air Pollution in Northern Thailand
High levels of air pollution ongoing in Chiang Mai. High levels of air pollution have been recorded in the northern parts of the country including Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai. Polluted air can cause symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and irritation of the eyes and nose. Young children, the elderly, pregnant women and people with underlying heart and lung disease (high-risk groups) are particularly vulnerable. To lessen the risk of potential health problems, reduce exposure by decreasing time and physical activity outdoors. For more information visit the International SOS Air Pollution website.


United States
Measles clusters in New York State
New York City declares public health emergency and mandates vaccination in some areas. Cases reported in Westchester County. Ongoing measles cases are being reported in areas of New York State including parts of New York City and Rockland and Westchester Counties. Measles is caused by a highly contagious virus that spreads from person-to-person via infected droplets. Outbreaks occur frequently in under-vaccinated populations. Common symptoms include fever, cough and a characteristic rash. Measles can result in serious complications, particularly when very young children, the elderly or pregnant women are infected. All travellers should ensure that they are fully immunised against measles.



---------- Week 13. 2019 ----------


India
Seasonal flu

Seasonal flu outbreaks continue.Influenza season continues, with many due to an A(H1N1) strain. Influenza is a viral illness, causing a sudden fever, cough, headache, weakness and muscular pains. Most cases are mild although some can be severe or even fatal. Pregnant women, adults over 65 and young children are at higher risk of severe illness. Prevention is through vaccination and attention to hygiene.

Lithuania
Measles outbreak

An increase in measles cases has been reported nationwide including in Kaunas and the capital, Vilnius.Measles is caused by a highly contagious virus that spreads from person-to-person via infected droplets. Outbreaks occur frequently in under-vaccinated populations. Common symptoms include fever, cough and a characteristic rash. Measles can result in serious complications, particularly when very young children, the elderly or pregnant women are infected.



---------- Week 12. 2019 ----------

Malawi
Health implications following Cyclone Idai
Cyclone Idai and associated heavy rains have led to extensive damage and flooding in parts of the country. Hardest hit are Chikwawa, Machinga, Mangochi, Nsanje and Phalombe districts in the Southern region.Infrastructure damage has occurred including power, communications and health facilities. Food and safe drinking water may be limited. Increased health risks posed by the flood waters include injury, diarrhoeal diseases, skin infections, insect-borne diseases. Defer non-essential travel to affected areas. Monitor this alert and the Travel Security Online advisory.


Zimbabwe

Health implications following Cyclone Idai

Cyclone Idai and associated heavy rains have led to extensive damage and flooding in parts of the country. A state of disaster has been declared in parts of Manicaland province (Chimanimani, Chipinge, Mutare and Nyanga districts.) The number of injuries and fatalities is expected to rise. Infrastructure damage has occurred including power, communications and health facilities. Food and safe drinking water may be limited. Increased health risks posed by the flood waters include injury, diarrhoeal diseases, skin infections, insect-borne diseases. Defer non-essential travel to affected areas. Monitor this alert and the Travel Security Online advisor



---------- Week 11. 2019 ----------

Malaysia
Hazardous Gases in Pasir Gudang area, Johor Bahru

Low levels of hydrogen cyanide detected in air samples. Potentially hazardous gases, possibly related to a chemical spill, have been detected in the Pasir Gudang area of Johor Bahru. Thousands of people have suffered ill health requiring hospitalisation. All schools, kindergartens and nurseries in the district have been closed. International SOS is monitoring the situation and will update this alert as information becomes available. Anyone within five kilometres of the affected area should follow the advice of local authorities. Avoid clean-up areas and any recreational activities around the Kim Kim River. If you develop symptoms, seek medical help.

Philippines
Measles outbreak

Outbreak ongoing.An outbreak of measles is underway across the country. Measles is caused by a highly contagious virus that spreads from person-to-person via infected droplets. Outbreaks occur frequently in under-vaccinated populations. Common symptoms include fever, cough and a characteristic rash. Measles can result in serious complications, particularly when very young children, the elderly or pregnant women are infected. All travellers should ensure that they are fully immunised against measles.

Thailand
Air Pollution in Northern Thailand

High levels of air pollution have been recorded in the northern parts of the country including Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai. Polluted air can cause symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and irritation of the eyes and nose. Young children, the elderly, pregnant women and people with underlying heart and lung disease (high-risk groups) are particularly vulnerable. To lessen the risk of potential health problems, reduce exposure by decreasing time and physical activity outdoors. For more information visit the International SOS Air Pollution website.

Perpetual Traveller Global Travel Warnings - Updated for WEEK 19, 20195


There may be trouble ahead!

Stay safe and check out our Travel warning

Alphabetical Order for...


---------- WEEK 19, 2019 ----------
Global
Partial airspace restrictions over Pakistan extended; expect continued disruption to flights
According to the Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority (PCAA), partial airspace restrictions affecting over-flying (transit) flights will remain in effect until at least 15.00 (local time) on 15 May. Several airlines have rerouted affected flights. Airspace restrictions have been extended on a near-daily basis and further extensions are possible in the coming days. Meanwhile, operations have resumed at all airports in Pakistan since the airspace closure on 27 February amid increased tensions with India. Continue to expect disruption and reconfirm schedules until flight operations over Pakistan fully normalise.

Africa
Camair-Co temporarily suspends its regional routes because of financial issues

The national carrier of Cameroon, has announced the temporary closure of all its regional routes because of financial issues. The affected routes are: Abidjan, Bangui, Cotonou, Dakar, Libreville, Lagos and N'Djamena. Passengers are advised to contact the airline for further information regarding the status of their flights. With foreign airlines cancelling dozens of flights ahead of a nationwide air traffic control (ATC) strike in France, the biggest French airline claims the vast majority of its flights will be going ahead.
Australia
A government mandated curfew operating at Sydney Airport between 11pm and 6am

For security reasons, the terminal is closed to the public overnight. During the curfew, a seated area near the train station at the international terminal may only be accessed by those who have a valid ticket for a flight the following morning.

Colombia
Runway repairs to close Pereira (PEI) airport several times from 30th April

Aeromate.gov.co reported that runway repairs will completely halt operations at Pereira Matecana International Airport on the following days: 1 June, 11 a.m. - 3 June, 10:59 a.m. / 29 June, 11 a.m. - 1 July, 10:59 a.m. / 3 September, 9 p.m. - 5 September, 4:59 a.m. Civil aviation authorities have also allowed partial closures of less duration: 3 May - 1 June / 4 - 29 June / 2 July - 2 September / 6 - 15 September. During those periods the airport will be closed from 10:30 p.m. through 5:30 a.m. All times mentioned above are local. Passengers are advised to contact their airline for further information regarding the status of their flights.

Germany
Cabin crew at Lufthansa threatens summer strikes; actions also possible before summer

The Independent Flight Attendant Organization (UFO) union has threatened Lufthansa with strikes during the summer. If the "attitude of total denial of Lufthansa" until June 30 has not "significantly improved," it has everything in a "massive attack of the cabin crew," said UFO CEO Nicoley Baublies. As a result, it could also give warning strikes before.

Hungary
Budapest's Keleti railway station will close for maintenance for two weeks from 13 May

The station will be closed during this period for maintenance work, affecting both international and domestic services. Trains operating via Keleti will be shifted to the capital’s other two terminals – Deli and Nyugati – and other nearby stations. Trains will be rerouted to and from other stations in the capital, and buses will replace some services. MAV is coordinating changes to the routes with the Budapest Public Transport Center (BKK) to ensure passengers can make transfers to reach their destinations. Train tickets and passes will be valid on some tram lines.

Hungary
Night flights at Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport set to end from August 2019

From the media reports: Hungary Today reported no scheduled flights will be allowed to take off or land at Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport between midnight and 5 a.m. from August 2019 on, under an agreement signed by the city and the Innovation and Technology Ministry on Tuesday. However, Mayor Istvan Tarlos said that the night ban will not cover "exceptional situations" in which flights could be granted a landing permit. Nearby residents have expressed annoyance with night flights, which they report have significantly affected their quality of life. Laszlo Palkovics, the Technology Minister, said that those violating the ban will face a fine, while people living close to the airport will get a government subsidy to put in soundproof windows.

Japan
Disruption to rail services reported following offshore earthquake; reconfirm schedules

Disruption to rail services was reported following a magnitude 6.3 earthquake at 08.48 (local time) on 10 May off the coast of Miyazaki prefecture (Kyushu island). Trains on some sections of the Nippo line were suspended, while delays were also reported, including to certain services on the Kyushu Shinkansen line. According to the Japan Meteorological Agency, the earthquake occurred 40 miles (65km) off Miyazaki coast and was followed by a magnitude 4.9 aftershock.
Nepal
Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) will remain shut for 10 hours per day

TIA Airport, Nepal’s sole international airport, embarks on the biggest maintenance work of the runway since its construction in 1975. The construction work on the tarmac of TIA will continue from 10pm to 8am everyday for 45 days (until end of May). TIA sees around 400 flights, including 100 international flights, per day. Cathay Dragon, China Southern, Malaysia Airlines, Jet Airways and Qatar Airways airlines have already been given different time slots to conduct their flights, TIA General Manager Raj Kumar Chhetri said.

Netherlands
Transportation workers plan 24-hour strike on 28 May

A massive 24-hour strike by public transportation workers was scheduled by trade union FNV. The labor protest will affect the national railway firm NS (Nederlandse Spoorwegen), as well as public transit in Amsterdam, Rotterdam, and Den Haag, the three biggest cities in the Netherlands. The strike is set for May 28, and could include regional transportation workers as well, though that will be announced in the future. The labor union also called on workers in other sectors to strike on May 29.

New Zealand
Auckland Metro train service will be disrupted on 14 May because of strike

Workers at CAF, who maintain passenger trains for Auckland Metro, have voted unanimously to take industrial action beginning on the 14th of May. The action will likely mean cancellations of trains and disruption for commuters as fewer trains will be available to meet timetable requirements.

South Korea
Expect disruption if nationwide bus drivers’ strike proceeds on 15 May; plan journeys accordingly

Traffic congestion on 15 May if a nationwide strike by at least 40,000 bus drivers goes ahead. Bus drivers affiliated to the Korea Automobile and Transport Workers’ Federation (KATWF) are organising the action over possible salary cuts and demands for increased staffing. Negotiations between the drivers and the authorities are ongoing. MKake alternative travel arrangements in the event the strike proceeds.

Spain
Barcelona Metro workers plan to stage series of partial strikes on 20 and 24 May

La Vanguardia reported that Barcelona Metro workers plan to stage a series of partial strikes on 20 and 24 May 2019. The minimum services of 40% have been imposed between 6:30 a.m. and 9:30 a.m., while the rest of the day only 20 % of minimum services will be guaranteed. Passengers are advised to look for alternative means of transport.

Turkey

Anticipate disruption, reconfirm flights at Diyarbakir Airport (DIY) until 30 May due to runway maintenance work

There will be limited operations between 11.30 to 16.30 (local time) during this period.

United Kingdom
Disruption expected as dozens of supply drivers announce plans to strike at London's Heathrow Airport on 22-26 May

Tens of thousands of travellers could face long-haul flights without on-board meals, drinks or duty-frees due to a five-day strike at Heathrow airport. More than 80 specialist lorry drivers plan to strike from Wednesday May 22 until Sunday 26 May. As a result 29 flight operators could be affected over the late May bank holiday weekend. The drivers supply food and drink for Alpha LSG, the UK’s largest in-flight catering company, and have proposed the action amid a row over "punishing" new rotas.

United States
Plan journeys accounting for disruption in south-eastern areas due to heavy rain, flooding

The National Weather Service (NWS) on 10 May issued flash flood watches for Angelina, Brazoria, Chambers, Cherokee, Fort Bend, Galveston, Harris, Liberty, Montgomery and Nacogdoches counties. Flooding and road closures are already affecting several areas.

United States
Avoid ongoing unruly protests along 807 NE Couch Street

Members in Portland (Oregon state) should plan journeys avoiding 807 NE Couch Street due to ongoing unruly protests between rival groups.
---------- WEEK 18, 2019 ----------

Europe & CIS
Anticipate business, travel disruption during Victory Day commemorations on 9 May

Expect disruption on 9 May during Victory Day celebrations, which commemorate the Soviet Union's victory over Nazi Germany in the Second World War. Businesses will be closed for a public holiday in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, while celebratory events are staged. Commemorations will also be held in Turkmenistan. Reconfirm meetings and transport arrangements on the day; exercise vigilance and minimise time spent in crowded public areas as a precaution.

Europe & CIS: Denmark, Norway, Sweden
Anticipate residual disruption, reconfirm Scandinavian Airlines flights as pilots’ strike ends

Anticipate residual disruption and reconfirm flights with Scandinavian Airlines (SAS) after a strike by pilots in Denmark, Norway and Sweden was called off on 2 May. More than 3,000 SAS flights were cancelled during the work stoppage, which began on 26 April and was linked to a dispute over a collective bargaining agreement, wages and working hours. While a deal has now been reached to end the strike, SAS has said it will take 24 hours for its services to normalise.

Global
Partial airspace restrictions over Pakistan extended; expect continued disruption to flights

According to the Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority (PCAA), partial airspace restrictions affecting over-flying (transit) flights will remain in effect until at least 15.00 (local time) on 15 May. Several airlines have rerouted affected flights. Airspace restrictions have been extended on a near-daily basis and further extensions are possible in the coming days. Meanwhile, operations have resumed at all airports in Pakistan since the airspace closure on 27 February amid increased tensions with India. Continue to expect disruption and reconfirm schedules until flight operations over Pakistan fully normalise.

Americas: Argentina, Chile
Cardenal Antonio Samore border crossing closes following landslide; seek alternative routes

Seek alternative routes to the Cardenal Antonio Samore Border Pass between Argentina and Chile after the crossing on 2 May was closed following a landslide. The incident occurred at kilometre 107 on Chile's CH 215 road, rendering the route impassable in both directions. Reports indicate that the pass were be closed for at least 48 hours.

Australia
A government mandated curfew operating at Sydney Airport between 11pm and 6am

For security reasons, the terminal is closed to the public overnight. During the curfew, a seated area near the train station at the international terminal may only be accessed by those who have a valid ticket for a flight the following morning.

Bangladesh
Anticipate disruption during passage of Cyclone Fani; plan journeys accordingly

Over the coming days, anticipate heavy rain and travel disruption during the passage of Cyclone Fani, particularly low-lying central coastal areas. The storm is expected to weaken during its passage over India before reaching Bangladesh overnight on 3-4 May. According to the Bangladesh Meteorological Department (BMD), Fani will affect parts of Barisal, Chittagong and Khulna divisions. Disruption to flights at Jessore Airport (JSR, Khulna) and Shah Amanat International Airport (CGP, Chittagong) is possible during Fani’s passage.

Cameroon
Reconfirm Cameroon Airlines Corporation flights until 10 May due to strike by airline staff

Anticipate disruption and reconfirm flights due to a planned strike until 10 May by airline staff of the Cameroon Airlines Corporation (CAMAIR-CO). The strike has been called to demand immediate payment of salary arrears and improved working conditions. Monitor the situation as negotiations between unions and the company continue and the strike may still be called off.

Colombia
Runway repairs to close Pereira (PEI) airport several times from 30th April

Aeromate.gov.co reported that runway repairs will completely halt operations at Pereira Matecana International Airport on the following days: 1 June, 11 a.m. - 3 June, 10:59 a.m. / 29 June, 11 a.m. - 1 July, 10:59 a.m. / 3 September, 9 p.m. - 5 September, 4:59 a.m. Civil aviation authorities have also allowed partial closures of less duration: 3 May - 1 June / 4 - 29 June / 2 July - 2 September / 6 - 15 September. During those periods the airport will be closed from 10:30 p.m. through 5:30 a.m. All times mentioned above are local. Passengers are advised to contact their airline for further information regarding the status of their flights.

Germany
Cabin crew at Lufthansa threatens summer strikes; actions also possible before summer

The Independent Flight Attendant Organization (UFO) union has threatened Lufthansa with strikes during the summer. If the "attitude of total denial of Lufthansa" until June 30 has not "significantly improved," it has everything in a "massive attack of the cabin crew," said UFO CEO Nicoley Baublies. As a result, it could also give warning strikes before.

Hungary
Night flights at Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport set to end from August 2019

From the media reports: Hungary Today reported no scheduled flights will be allowed to take off or land at Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport between midnight and 5 a.m. from August 2019 on, under an agreement signed by the city and the Innovation and Technology Ministry on Tuesday. However, Mayor Istvan Tarlos said that the night ban will not cover "exceptional situations" in which flights could be granted a landing permit. Nearby residents have expressed annoyance with night flights, which they report have significantly affected their quality of life. Laszlo Palkovics, the Technology Minister, said that those violating the ban will face a fine, while people living close to the airport will get a government subsidy to put in soundproof windows.

India
All train services to Puri canceled until 10 May because of damage to tracks caused by Cyclone Fani
As the severe cyclonic storm, Fani caused extensive damage to the railway tracks including Puri, Khurda and Bhubaneswar road, the train services to Puri will resume after the restoration of damaged tracks.
Defer all travel to low lying areas during passage of Cyclone Fani due to be most severely affected by Cyclone Fani. Fani remains an extremely severe cyclone (second-highest on a seven-tier scale). It made landfall at around 10.00 (local time) of 3 May in Puri (Odisha). The districts of Balasore, Bhadrak, Cuttack, Ganjam, Gajapati, Jagatsinghpur, Jajpur, Kendrapara, Khurda, Nayagarh (all Odisha), East Godavari, Srikakulam, Visakhapatnam and Vizianagaram (all Andhra Pradesh) are all expected to be severely affected. Fani is also forecast to impact southern districts of West Bengal state.

Indonesia, Jakarta, Bengkulu, East Java provinces
Anticipate residual disruption caused by heavy rain, flooding; plan journeys accordingly

Over the coming days, plan journeys accounting for disruption caused by heavy rain and associated flash flooding. The authorities have forecast further rain until at least 6 May. While flooding since 26 April has subsided, disruption persists, especially in Bengkulu, where at least 30 people have been killed and tens of thousands evacuated. Re-confirm the status of routes with local contacts before setting out.

Ireland
Major engineering work disrupts Irish Rail between 4-13 May

Irish Rail has advised customers that services on some of its routes will be suspended between 4-13 May as it carries out repairs to some of its tracks. Irish Rail says it will provide bus transfers to passengers on all affected intercity trains to and from Heuston Station. Meanwhile, no trains will operate between Howth Junction and Malahide, but Dublin Bus are accepting rail tickets for passengers in affected areas. Passengers are advised to check timetables and whether their service is affected before travelling.

Italy
Anticipate disruption, reconfirm flights

Flight delays and cancellations took place on 3 May during planned strikes by employees of Air Italy and national carrier Alitalia. Monitor developments and reconfirm flights to avoid inconvenience.

Israel, Palestinian Territories

Travel disruption on 7-9 May on Independence Day, Memorial Day

Expect heightened security and travel disruption on 7-9 May. Border crossings between Israel and the West Bank are likely to be closed to Palestinians during the period.

Nepal
Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) will remain shut for 10 hours per day

TIA Airport, Nepal’s sole international airport, embarks on the biggest maintenance work of the runway since its construction in 1975. The construction work on the tarmac of TIA will continue from 10pm to 8am everyday for 45 days. TIA sees around 400 flights, including 100 international flights, per day. Cathay Dragon, China Southern, Malaysia Airlines, Jet Airways and Qatar Airways airlines have already been given different time slots to conduct their flights, TIA General Manager Raj Kumar Chhetri said.

Nepal
Closure of Jumla Airport (JUM ) 8 May

Expect disruption, reconfirm flights during airport closure until 8 May for maintenance work on it only runway. Domestic flights operated by Tara Airlines, Sita Air, Summit Air and Nepal Airlines will be impacted.

Papua New Guinea
Air Niugini resumes flights to Aropa Airport in Kieta from 7 May after safety concerns prompt suspension

The flight resumption is made possible following the installation of solar panels which supply power to Precision Path Indicator (PAPI) lights at the airport runway. The previous solar panels were stolen by criminals resulting in the suspension of jet operations to Aropa for several months.

Turkey
Anticipate disruption, reconfirm flights at Diyarbakir Airport (DIY) until 30 May due to runway maintenance work

There will be limited operations between 11.30 to 16.30 (local time) during this period.

United States, Portland

Avoid ongoing unruly protests along 807 NE Couch Street

Members in Portland (Oregon state) should plan journeys avoiding 807 NE Couch Street due to ongoing unruly protests between rival groups.


---------- WEEK 15, 2019 ----------


Asia & the Pacific
New Year celebrations likely to cause disruption to travel, commercial activities on 13-16 April
Members in Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar on 13-16 April should anticipate disruption to travel and commercial activity during New Year celebrations. Large gatherings are likely in major cities, including Phnom Penh, Siem Reap (both Cambodia), Vientiane, Luang Prabang (both Laos), Yangon and Mandalay (both Myanmar). Members should book transport and accommodation well in advance to minimise inconvenience.

Australia
A government mandated curfew operating at Sydney Airport between 11pm and 6am

For security reasons, the terminal is closed to the public overnight. During the curfew, a seated area near the train station at the international terminal may only be accessed by those who have a valid ticket for a flight the following morning.

Colombia
Runway repairs to close Pereira (PEI) airport several times from 30th April

Aeromate.gov.co reported that runway repairs will completely halt operations at Pereira Matecana International Airport on the following days: 30 April, 9 p.m. - 2 May, 4:59 a.m. / 1 June, 11 a.m. - 3 June, 10:59 a.m. / 29 June, 11 a.m. - 1 July, 10:59 a.m. / 3 September, 9 p.m. - 5 September, 4:59 a.m. Civil aviation authorities have also allowed partial closures of less duration: 3 May - 1 June / 4 - 29 June / 2 July - 2 September / 6 - 15 September. During those periods the airport will be closed from 10:30 p.m. through 5:30 a.m. All times mentioned above are local. Passengers are advised to contact their airline for further information regarding the status of their flights.

Colombia
Australia updates its advisory, warns against travel to Venezuela and Ecuador borders, reports other security risks

Exercise a high degree of caution overall in Colombia because of the threat of terrorism and criminal activity. Reconsider your need to travel to the departments (provinces) of Antioquia, Arauca, Caqueta, Cauca, Choco, Guainia, Guaviare, Meta, Narino, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Valle de Cauca and Vichada due to the high threat of terrorist attack and criminal activity. Risks are somewhat lower in some towns, cities and tourists sites within these departments. Do not to travel to areas within 20 kilometres of the Venezuelan or Ecuadorian border (except the Pan American highway), or to the port cities of Buenaventura and Tumaco, due to the high threat of terrorist attack and high levels of violent crime. Avoid all demonstrations, protests, political rallies and large public gatherings they could turn violent with little or no warning. Protests in the departments of Cauca, Valle del Cauca, Huila and Caqueta are affecting the Pan-American Highway, which connects Colombia with Ecuador. Limit road travel in this area. Consider flying between Colombia and Ecuador to avoid violence and delays. Follow the advice of local authorities and remain vigilant at all times. Minimise road travel through rural areas. Avoid trouble spots by flying where possible. If you plan to visit the Caño Cristales river, fly to the gateway township of La Macarena. Don't hail taxis on the street due to the risk of robbery. Use only licensed taxis booked through a dispatch service or your hotel. Pay close attention to your personal security at all times. Monitor the media for information about possible new safety or security risks.

Germany
Cabin crew at Lufthansa threatens summer strikes; actions also possible before summer

The Independent Flight Attendant Organization (UFO) union has threatened Lufthansa with strikes during the summer. If the "attitude of total denial of Lufthansa" until June 30 has not "significantly improved," it has everything in a "massive attack of the cabin crew," said UFO CEO Nicoley Baublies. As a result, it could also give warning strikes before.

Haiti
Avoid protest near airport, national palace on 14 April; plan alternative routes

Essential travel in Haiti on 14 April should plan journeys avoiding an anti-government march in the capital Port-au-Prince. The march, organised by local religious leaders, will begin on Boulevard Toussaint Louverture near the international airport and culminate in front of the National Palace. A start time has not yet been announced.

Italy
Reconfirm flights during strikes by airport employees on 13 April

People due to travel via Milan's Linate (LIN) and Malpensa (MXP) international airports in Lombardy region, Verona Villafranca Airport (VRN, Veneto region), and Catania Fontanarossa Airport (CTA, Sicily region) on 13 April should anticipate disruption due to strikes by baggage handlers. The strike at airports serving Milan and Verona will last 24 hours while workers at the airport in Catania will observe an eight-hour industrial action.

Mozambique
Continue to defer non-essential travel to areas affected by former tropical cyclone Idai

Continue to defer non-essential travel to Manica, Zambezia and Sofala provinces, and several districts in Niassa, Gaza, Inhambane and Tete provinces, until further notice. This follows the damage and flooding caused by former tropical cyclone Idai. Heavy rainfall has hampered relief and repair efforts. However, our sources on the ground have confirmed that the N6 – the main overland route from the capital Maputo to the worst-affected city of Beira (Sofala) – partially reopened on 24 March after a brief closure. Members should anticipate heightened security around key institutions such as government buildings and shops, as the authorities seek to deter criminality and looting.

Nepal
Tribhuvan International Airport will remain shut for 10 hours per day from 1 April

TIA Airport, Nepal’s sole international airport, embarks on the biggest maintenance work of the runway since its construction in 1975. The construction work on the tarmac of TIA will continue from 10pm to 8am everyday for 45 days. TIA sees around 400 flights, including 100 international flights, per day. Cathay Dragon, China Southern, Malaysia Airlines, Jet Airways and Qatar Airways airlines have already been given different time slots to conduct their flights, TIA General Manager Raj Kumar Chhetri said.

Pakistan
Partial airspace restrictions remain

Partial airspace restrictions affecting overflying (transit) flights will remain in effect until at least 15.00 (local time) on 24 April. These partial airspace restrictions are expected to mainly impact flights between Pakistan and India, amid increased tensions. Airspace restrictions have been extended on a daily basis and further extensions are possible in the coming days. Expect disruption and reconfirm schedules until flight operations over Pakistan fully normalise.

Samoa
Anticipate disruption and reconfirm schedules for Samoa Airways flights

The airline has cancelled several flights due to a shortage of aircraft caused by an unsuccessful lease extension attempt, as well as the global grounding of Boeing’s 737 Max aircraft. The carrier is currently making arrangements to lease replacement aircraft to operate flights between the capital Apia, Auckland (New Zealand), Sydney and Brisbane (both Australia).

Spain
Anticipate disruption, reconfirm itineraries during multi-sector strikes on 12-24 April

A series of nationwide strikes by aviation and railway staff. The workers have made various demands, including contractual improvements, compliance to collective agreements and better working conditions. Reconfirm schedules and maintain flexible itineraries.

Spain
Some ground staff at Bilbao Loiu Airport threaten indefinite strike from 17 April

From media reports: El Mundo reported that ground staff in charge of passenger gangways at Bilbao Loiu Airport have threatened an indefinite strike from Wednesday, 17 April, coinciding with the beginning of Easter holidays and one of the busiest travel periods. The workers are involved in a dispute regarding pay and conditions. Passengers are advised to check their flight status before travel.

Sri Lanka
Expect disruption to travel, business activity during New Year celebrations on 13-15 April

People should anticipate disruption to travel and business activity, including in the commercial capital Colombo (Western province), during Sinhala and Tamil New Year (Aluth Avurudda) celebrations until 15 April. New Year is celebrated by ethnic-Sinhalese and Tamil populations across the country to mark the end of the harvest season. While New Year’s Day itself is on 14 April, the government has also declared 15 April a public holiday. Members should book transport well in advance, and expect congestion at transport terminals and on key roads during the holiday period.

Sudan
Khartoum International Airport (KRT) temporarily closed on 11 April ahead of expected
announcement from military; continue to stand fast
Armoured vehicles have blocked access to the Presidential Palace in Khartoum. Armed military officers have entered the Radio and Television building in Omdurman (Khartoum state). Spontaneous gatherings are possible.

Thailand
Anticipate disruption to travel and commercial activities during the Thai New Year (known locally as the Songkran water festival) holiday

Large gatherings are likely nationwide, particularly in the capital Bangkok and other major cities. The authorities expect more than 3m people to travel through the country’s main airports over the festival period. Members should re-confirm bookings due to a likely increase in demand for transport and accommodation. Travellers should exercise increased caution during overland journeys as there is usually a spike in traffic accidents during the holiday period.

Turkey
Anticipate disruption, reconfirm flights at Diyarbakir Airport (DIY) on 12 April-30 May due to runway maintenance work

The airport will be completely closed on 16-17 April and there will be limited operations between 11.30 to 16.30 (local time) on all other days during this period.

Uganda
Exercise caution, maintain flexible itineraries during heavy rainfall, flooding

Flooding in central areas of the city since 9 April caused damage to infrastructure and road closures, including along Jinja Road, have been reported. The local meteorological agency forecasts further rainfall until at least 12 April; this could cause sporadic flash flooding and further landslides. Members should maintain flexible itineraries.

United Kingdom
Workers at Glasgow Airport will strike for 24 hours from 4 a.m. on 16 April

Employees will strike between 4 a.m. on 16 April and 4 a.m. on 17 April. The airport authorities stated that all steps will be taken to prevent disruption of services for travelers. Administrative and security staff are expected to participate in the strike, but it will not impact check-in desks, baggage handling or air traffic control.

United States
Construction delays arrival flights at New York's John F Kennedy International Airport

Due to runway construction there is a Traffic Management Program in effect for traffic arriving John F Kennedy International Airport, New York, NY (JFK). This is causing some arriving flights to be delayed an average of 4 hours. Passengers planning to fly into or out of the affected airports should contact their airlines to confirm flight status.

United States
Flights suspended at Columbia Regional Airport (COU) until 16 April

The facility's runway is to undergo maintenance work after at least two airlines cancelled flights from the airport over safety concerns. Members planning to fly to or from Columbia in the coming days should make alternative arrangements.

United States
Expect travel disruption, heightened security during Holy Week holiday on 14-21 April

Visiting Latin America around the Semana Santa (Holy Week) holiday period on 14-21 April should plan journeys accounting for significant travel disruption and heightened security. Semana Santa is a religious festival celebrated extensively across the Americas, drawing large numbers of travellers from within and outside the region to key religious sites and popular tourist attractions. Religious processions are traditionally held in major cities and towns, particularly on Easter Sunday (21 April). Members should continue to observe sensible security precautions and allow additional time to complete journeys during the holiday period.



---------- WEEK 13, 2019 ----------


Global
Southwest Airlines delays returning Boeing 737 Max planes to service until after May

Southwest Airlines Co said it was pulling its Boeing Co 737 MAX jets from flight schedules through May, extending its earlier timeline from April 20, according to a company memorandum seen by Reuters. This will impact the lines in May, but, now that the decision has been made, we can construct our schedule without those flights well in advance in hopes to minimize the daily disruptions,” the Southwest Airlines Pilots Association and the company said in the joint memorandum. Boeing’s top-selling 737 MAX jetliner has been grounded in the wake of two deadly crashes involving that model in five months, one in Indonesia last October and another on March 10 in Ethiopia.

Australia
Sydney Airport operations fully restored after smoke detected in the tower

Airservices Australia has announced that Sydney Airport tower is back to full operations. Departures are running smoothly. All restrictions have been lifted.

Argentina
Strikes planned at Aerolineas Argentinas, Austral suspended by government

From media reports: News portal Radio Mitre reported on Thursday afternoon that the Argentine government issued a mandatory conciliation order that suspended the strike called by unions representing workers of Aerolineas Argentinas and Austral airlines for Friday, 29 March, and Monday, 1 April.

Australia
Australia warns its nationals against travel to Gaza, reports other security risks

Exercise a high degree of caution due to the threat of terrorist attack, rocket fire and military confrontation. Terrorist attacks could occur at anytime and anywhere in Israel. Pay close attention to your personal security at all times. Do not travel to the Gaza Strip due to the dangerous and unpredictable security situation. Entering and exiting the area is very difficult and unpredictable. If you enter Gaza you may not be able to leave for weeks or months. The ability of the Australian Government to deliver consular assistance in Gaza is extremely limited. Reconsider your need to travel to areas of Israel within 5kms of the border with the Gaza Strip due to the threat of rocket attack and spill-over from civil unrest along the Gaza-Israel border. Reconsider your need to travel to the West Bank, including Bethlehem, Jericho and Ramallah, due to the unpredictable security situation. Reconsider your need to travel to all parts of the Golan Heights to the east of Route 98 near Syria, due to the threat of terrorist attack and the activities of militants on the other side of the border.

Colombia
Runway repairs to close Pereira airport several times from 30 April

Aeromate.gov.co reported that runway repairs will completely halt operations at Pereira Matecana International Airport on the following days:
  • from 30 April, 9 p.m., through 2 May, 4:59 a.m.
  • from 1 June, 11 a.m., through 3 June, 10:59 a.m.
  • from 29 June, 11 a.m., through 1 July, 10:59 a.m.
  • from 3 September, 9 p.m. through 5 September, 4:59 a.m.
Civil aviation authorities have also allowed partial closures of less duration from 3 May through 1 June, 4 June through 29 June, 2 July through 2 September, and from 6 September through 15 September. During those periods the airport will be closed from 10:30 p.m. through 5:30 a.m. All times mentioned above are local. Passengers are advised to contact their airline for further information regarding the status of their flights.

Ecuador
Exercise caution following offshore magnitude 6.2 earthquake west of Guayaquil

Santa Elena province in the coming hours should exercise caution after an offshore magnitude 6.2 earthquake struck at 02.04 (local time). The tremor originated at a depth of 11 miles (18km) approximately four miles (7km) off the coast of Ayangue(Santa Elena) and 60 miles (100km) west of Guayaquil (Guayas province). No tsunami warning has been issued.

Fiji
Some air traffic controllers return to work at airports; flights on schedule

Fiji Airports have confirmed that a few more air traffic controllers have returned to work. It says that all international and domestic flights remain on schedule. The Arbitration Court convened yesterday afternoon and dismissed Fiji Public Service Association and some controllers’ application to uplift the return to work order and restated its orders of Tuesday for controllers’ to forthwith report to work.

France
Eurostar services at London's St Pancras station resume after trespasser prompts suspension; further disruption possible

Eurostar has resumed services from London's St. Pancras station after delays prompted by a trespasser. The rail service that links Britain to the continent says in a statement Saturday that further disruption is possible. British Transport Police say a 44-year-old man was arrested for trespass and obstruction of the railway.

Germany
Cabin crew at Lufthansa threatens summer strikes; actions also possible before summer

The Independent Flight Attendant Organization (UFO) union has threatened Lufthansa with strikes during the summer. If the "attitude of total denial of Lufthansa" until June 30 has not "significantly improved," it has everything in a "massive attack of the cabin crew," said UFO CEO Nicoley Baublies. As a result, it could also give warning strikes before.

Mexico
Interjet unexpectedly cancels all 17 of its outgoing flights from Mexico City

Without notice, Interjet canceled all 17 of its outgoing flights from Mexico City today, including one that was headed to Merida. Some news reports connected the cancelations to a dispute with crew. The company did not answer reporters’ questions about the unexpected cancellations.

Mozambique
Continue to defer non-essential travel to areas affected by former tropical cyclone Idai

Continue to defer non-essential travel to Manica, Zambezia and Sofala provinces, and several districts in Niassa, Gaza, Inhambane and Tete provinces, until further notice. This follows the damage and flooding caused by former tropical cyclone Idai. Heavy rainfall has hampered relief and repair efforts. However, our sources on the ground have confirmed that the N6 – the main overland route from the capital Maputo to the worst-affected city of Beira (Sofala) – partially reopened on 24 March after a brief closure. Members should anticipate heightened security around key institutions such as government buildings and shops, as the authorities seek to deter criminality and looting.

Nepal
Several international airlines to reschedule flights as Tribhuvan International Airport will remain shut for 10 hours per day from 1 April

Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA), Nepal’s sole international airport, will remain shut for 10 hours per day from Monday, as its management embarks on the biggest maintenance work of the runway since its construction in 1975. The construction work on the tarmac of TIA will continue from 10 pm to 8 am everyday for 45 days. This means Cathay Dragon, China Southern, Malaysia Airlines, Jet Airways and Qatar Airways will have to reschedule their flights, as they currently operate flights between 10 pm and 8 am. These airlines have already been given different time slots to conduct their flights, TIA General Manager Raj Kumar Chhetri said. TIA sees around 400 flights, including 100 international flights, per day.

New Caledonia
Air Caledonie flights resume as strike suspended

Lnc.nc reported that a strike at Air Caledonie that has been running since yesterday was suspended today, 29 March, to allow more time for negotiations. A new meeting is planned for next Tuesday, 2 April, after which workers will decide whether to resume the strike or not from Wednesday.

Pakistan
Flights resume at all airports; continue to reconfirm schedules as partial airspace restrictions remain

The Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority (PCAA) on 27 March reopened international and domestic flights to all airports in the country. However, partial airspace restrictions affecting overflying (transit) flights will remain in effect until at least 10.00 (local time) on 1 April. These partial airspace restrictions are expected to mainly impact flights between Pakistan and India, amid increased tensions. Airspace restrictions have been extended on a daily basis and further extensions are possible in the coming days.

United States
Seven passengers transported to hospital after odor detected on Baltimore-San Francisco flight

Seven passengers have been transported to the hospital after an odor was detected on a plane that was diverted to Dulles Airport. The Boeing 737 plane was diverted from Baltimore-Washington Airport and was enroute to San Francisco International Airport.

Venezuela
American Airlines suspends flights to Venezuela indefinitely as political turmoil, unrest continue

American Airlines is indefinitely suspending flights to Venezuela as political turmoil and unrest continues to grip the country. Airline spokeswoman Martha Pantin said Thursday that the airline will try to resume service when conditions are right but has no timetable for doing so. On March 15, American announced it was suspending its two daily flights from Miami to Caracas and one from Miami to Maracaibo through April 1. The airline acted after its pilots’ union told members not to operate flights to Venezuela because of safety concerns. American was the last U.S. airline flying to Venezuela.


---------- WEEK 12, 2019 ----------


Asia
Jet Airways suspends services on 13 more international routes until end of April

Cash-strapped Jet Airways on Saturday suspended services on 13 more international routes till April end after grounding seven more planes due to non-payment of outstanding dues to lessors. However, the airline remained confident of successfully resolving the current situation in coming days. The routes where services have been temporarily withdrawn include Bengaluru-Singapore, Delhi-Abu Dhabi, Delhi-Dammam, Delhi-Dhaka, Delhi-Hong, Kong, Delhi-Riyadh, Kolkata-Dhaka, Mumbai-Abu Dhabi, Mumbai-Bahrain, Mumbai-Dammam, Mumbai-Hong Kong, Pune-Abu Dhabi and Pune-Singapore. Jet has also reduced services on Delhi-Bangkok route from three to one daily, Delhi-Kathmandu (four to two daily), Delhi-Singapore (three to one daily), Mumbai-Bangkok (three to one daily).
Australia
Plan journeys accounting for residual disruption following passage of Tropical Cyclone Trevor

The Northern Territory Gulf region and far north of Queensland should anticipate residual disruption at least until 25 March following the passage of Tropical Cyclone Trevor. The weather system has now weakened into a Category 1 cyclone (lowest level on a five-tier scale) after making landfall twice - near Lockhart River (far north of Queensland) and Borroloola(Northern Territory) on 19 and 23 March respectively. While Trevor is forecast to further weaken in the coming hours as it continues to move inland, flash flooding in areas along its path is possible due to heavy rains.

Belgium
Further industrial action by air traffic controllers expected to cause disruption; reconfirm flights

Travelling via Belgian airports should expect delays in the coming days because of further strikes by air traffic controllers over working conditions. Flights at Liege Airport (LGG, Wallonia region) will be suspended on 23 March from 19.00 to 22.00 (local times) due to staff shortages. Further industrial action affecting other airports in Belgium is expected from 25 March. Brief, repeated walkouts by controllers have already caused flight delays and cancellations in recent weeks.

Central African Republic
Continue to defer all travel outside Bangui despite deal between government, rebels to form unity government

Travellers should defer all travel to rural areas despite an agreement on 20 March between the government and 14 armed groups to form a new unity government. The African Union (AU)-brokered agreement is an attempt to restore stability after 11 of the 14 groups that signed a peace agreement on 6 February resigned on 18 March from the government and demanded Prime Minister Firmin Ngrebada's resignation. Despite the peace agreement, violence in the capital Bangui and rural areas has continued. On 22 March, President Faustin-Archange Touadera announced a cabinet reshuffle amid calls for a more inclusive government. Members should avoid all travel outside Bangui and restrict movement to the city centre.

Kazakhstan
Anticipate disruption on airport road during sporting event on 24 March

A sporting event on 24 March in the capital Astana (being renamed Nursultan) will mean a partial closure of the main road to Nursultan Nazarbayev International Airport (TSE) from 19.00 (local time). Traffic will be restricted on Qabanbay Batyr Avenue between Kerey and Zhanibek Khans Street and Uly Dala Avenue (see map) around a football match between Kazakhstan and Russia at the nearby Astana Arena. The authorities are advising motorists to avoid Qabanbay Batyr Avenue during this period. Expect disruption and heightened security in the area.

Malawi
Continue to defer non-essential travel to worst-affected districts after tropical cyclone Idai

Continue to defer non-essential travel to Chikwawa, Machinga, Mangochi, Nsanje and Phalombe districts (all Southern region; see map) until at least 26 March. This follows the passage of former tropical cyclone Idai, which exacerbated recent flooding and significantly damaged transport and electricity infrastructure. Chikwawa and Nsanje districts remain inaccessible by road; the Makhanga area (Nsanje) has been particularly impacted. Rainfall is forecast to continue through 24 March.

Mozambique
Continue to defer non-essential travel to areas affected by former tropical cyclone Idai

Continue to defer non-essential travel to Manica, Zambezia and Sofala provinces, as well as several districts in Niassa, Gaza, Inhambane and Tete provinces (see More detail) until further notice; this follows the passage of former tropical cyclone Idai. Moderate to heavy rainfall, thunderstorms and strong winds are expected in these locations until at least 24 March. Our sources on the ground have reported an increase in criminal incidents and unrest in the affected areas. Aid organisations have also reported armed robberies and break-ins, especially after dark.

Nepal/ United Arab Emirates
NAC reduces its Kathmandu-Dubai flights from 1 April until 30 June because of runway renovation at both airports

The national flag carrier Nepal Airlines Corporation (NAC) has reduced flight frequency to Dubai from Kathmandu. NAC is making the decision as the runway renovation of Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) is going to begin from 1st April whereas the Terminal 2 of Dubai International Airport (DXB) will also undergo renovation works. As per the information from the corporation, flights to DXB will be conducted on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday whereas flights to KTM from DXB will be operated on Wednesday, Friday and Sunday only.

Pakistan
Islamabad International Airport closes for four hours because of National Day celebrations

Islamabad International Airport (IIA) will remain closed for international and domestic commercial flights for four hours during the Pakistan Day celebrations on Saturday. The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) said it had already issued notices regarding closure of the IIA from 8am to 12 noon. Airlines operating to and from Islamabad have informed their passengers about the changes to their flight schedules. Meanwhile, City Traffic Police have chalked out an alternative traffic plan for Saturday.

Serbia
Avoid demonstration on 24 March commemorating NATO military action

Travellers in the capital Belgrade on 24 March should plan itineraries avoiding a demonstration commemorating the 20th anniversary of NATO military action against Serbia. Protesters will gather at the army general staff building at 17.00 (local time) before marching along Bircaninova towards the Russian embassy. The march will conclude in the Temple of Saint Sava Park.

United States
Continue to plan journeys accounting for disruption caused by heavy rain, flooding

People in Midwestern states should continue to plan journeys accounting for disruption caused by heavy rain and flooding. The National Weather Service (NWS) has issued flood warnings for counties in several states , while states of emergency remain in effect in Iowa, Nebraska, Missouri and Wisconsin states. Road closures as well as some disruption to rail services have been reported throughout the region.

United States
Expect, avoid further protests in coming days following acquittal of police officer

People in Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania state) should expect and avoid the vicinity of protests related to the acquittal on 22 March of a police officer over the shooting death of a black teenager in 2018. Associated protests have occurred in the East Liberty and Shadyside areas as well as at Freedom Corner in the Hill District and outside PPG Paints Arena since 22 March. Protesters have briefly blocked roads on occasions, though most of the rallies have so far been largely peaceful. Shots overnight on 22-23 March were fired by unidentified individuals at the office of the attorney who defended the police officer in the court. Further protests are likely in the coming days.

United States
Flights delayed at New Mexico's Albuquerque International Sunport Airport after power outage

Power has been restored to the Sunport after a nearly six-hour outage, according to airport officials. The Sunport is urging travelers to check with their airlines for flight details. According to Kob 4, multiple down transformers caused the outage, according to the Sunport's official twitter account. Passengers reported delayed flights and long lines in the security area.

Venezuela
Continue to defer all travel as political crisis, related disruption persists

Staff should continue to defer all travel to Venezuela in the coming days, while in-country members should minimise non-essential movement amid an ongoing political crisis. The situation has been exacerbated by sporadic power and telecommunications outages and shortages of food, water and fuel. Juan Guaido, the National Assembly (parliament)-recognised interim president, is likely to call for further demonstrations against President Nicolas Maduro in the coming days. In-country travellers should continue to avoid all political gatherings due to the risk of unrest and harsh measures from the security forces and pro-government militias, known as 'colectivos'.

Zimbabwe
Continue to defer non-essential travel to cyclone-affected areas until at least 26 March

Continue to defer non-essential travel to Chimanimani, Chipinge, Mutare and Nyanga districts (all Manicaland province, see map below) until at least 26 March following the passage of former tropical cyclone Idai. The authorities have declared a state of disaster in these districts. The official death toll is 259, though the actual number is suspected to be higher. Transport infrastructure, communications networks, electricity and water supplies have been severely damaged or disrupted.


---------- WEEK 11, 2019 ----------


France
All Eurostar trains from Paris to London disrupted due to French Customs agents strike
Eurostar reported through its official Twitter account that due to French Customs agents strike, all train services from Paris to London continue to suffer significant delays and waiting time now exceeds 5 hours. We advise our passengers departing from Paris to travel only if necessary.

Global
Reconfirm flights following global grounding of all Boeing 737 Max aircraft; anticipate travel disruption

People planning air travel in the coming weeks should anticipate disruption and reconfirm flights during the global grounding of Boeing's 737 Max 8 and 9 aircraft. The measure, announced by the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) on 13 March at the order of President Donald Trump, follows the crash of an Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 737 MAX 8 plane on 10 March. Multiple countries had already temporarily suspended Boeing 737 Max aircraft from their airspace. According to statements by the FAA and US lawmakers, the grounding will last until at least May.

Greece
Hijack threat at Athens airport ruled a hoax
Greek authorities said on Friday that the threat of possible hijackings of airliners flying from London to the Greek capital was a hoax. Earlier, security services were on alert after receiving a phone call warning of possible hijackings of airliners flying from London to the Greek capital. Three flights from London which landed at Athens' Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport were directed to an isolated section of the airfield. The three planes were evacuated and police officers inspected them with sniffer dogs. The call was made to a shop inside the airport, and security was immediately alerted. Due to tight security measures, flights arriving and departing will experience delays.



India

Contract workers plan to strike at Cochin International Airport
In a move that could affect the smooth functioning of Cochin International Airport (CIAL), over 4,000 contract workers are planning to go on strike seeking an increase in salary, making their employment permanent and upgrading basic facilities at their work stations. They plan to hold a protest meet at the airport on March 19.

Japan
Canada warns its nationals against travel to areas under evacuation orders Department of International Affairs & Foreign Trade
Avoid all travel to the districts and towns designated by the Japanese government as Areas under Evacuation Orders. Following the 2011 incident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, Japanese authorities have placed restrictions, including travel and overnight stay bans, on the plant's surrounding area due to the risk of exposure to radiation. Always follow the instructions of local authorities.

Jordan
Reconfirm status of Dead Sea Highway, other routes following flooding damage
People planning to travel along the Dead Sea Highway (Highway 65) in the coming days should liaise with local contacts to confirm the status of the route before setting out. Traffic along the road was halted in both directions on 16 March at the Zarqa Main Bridge, after the adjacent embankment suffered a collapse in rainy conditions. However, it was unclear how long the restrictions would remain in place. Rainfall often exacerbates poor road conditions in Jordan from December to March, and the authorities have issued a warning to drivers to take extra precautions. The capital Amman has also been affected by the recent rainfall.

Nepal
Reconfirm schedules at Tribhuvan International Airport amid construction from 1 April
Travelling via the capital Kathmandu’s Tribhuvan International Airport (KTM) from 1 April should reconfirm flights schedules due to planned runway renovations. The airport will close daily from 22.00-08.00 (local time) for the estimated 18 months of construction work. Although airlines have revised their flight schedules to fit the new opening hours, travel disruption remains likely.

New Zealand
Anticipate disruption, reconfirm flights after suspicious package closes Dunedin Airport
Travelling to or from Dunedin Airport (DUD, Otago region) overnight on 17-18 March should anticipate disruption and reconfirm flights after the facility was closed upon the discovery of a suspicious package. The police are at the scene and diversions have been set up in the vicinity of the airport.

New Zealand
Regional services resume at Christchurch Airport; passengers asked to arrive earlier because of strengthened security measures
Regional services from Christchurch have resumed this morning and these flights will be subject to passenger and baggage screening following yesterday's shooting tragedy in the city for at least the next 48 hours. The airline made the decision to cancel all regional services departing Christchurch yesterday evening in the wake of the shooting tragedy and additional measures have been put in place overnight for regional flights leaving Christchurch. All jet services in New Zealand are already subject to these screening measures. Air New Zealand asks customers booked to travel out of Christchurch to check the arrivals and departure page on the Air New Zealand website for their flight status and to come to the airport early to allow time for screening processes.



Trinidad and Tobago

Sexual assault of two British nationals on Tobago island underlines need to take precautions
Trinidad and Tobago, particularly female travellers, are reminded to take precautions after a Trinidadian man was charged on 15 March with the sexual assault and robbery of two female British nationals. The attack occurred on 11 March at around 01.30 (local time), after the women hired a so-called ‘gypsy’ taxi to take them to their guest house in Black Rock (Tobago island). Despite Tobago’s LOW risk rating, travellers should exercise caution at all times, especially when travelling outside of daylight hours.

Turkey
Anticipate travel disruption, reconfirm flights during global grounding of all Boeing 737 Max aircraft
People planning air travel to, from or within the Middle East and North Africa region in the coming weeks should anticipate disruption and reconfirm flights during the global grounding of Boeing's 737 Max 8 and 9 aircraft. The measure, announced by the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) on 13 March at the order of President Donald Trump, follows the crash of an Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 737 MAX 8 plane on 10 March. Multiple countries, including Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), had already temporarily suspended Boeing 737 Max aircraft from their airspace. According to statements by the FAA and US lawmakers, the grounding will last until at least May.



United Kingdom

Weather expected to disrupt train services across England, Wales and Scotland
There are a number of yellow weather warnings in place across England, Wales and Scotland today. For safety reasons, speed restrictions will be imposed on various routes, causing delays to some services. Disruption and short notice cancellations may apply on other routes throughout the day. Travel advice will be published here as the situation develops.



Venezuela

American Airlines temporarily suspends flights to Caracas, Maracaibo
American Airlines Group Inc on Friday said it has temporarily suspended its operations into Caracas and Maracaibo, after its pilots union urged its workers to deny trips to Venezuela in the wake of a travel advisory issued by the U.S. State Department. The department cited civil unrest, poor health and arbitrary arrest and detention of U.S. citizens in Venezuela for issuing the advisory on March 12. A number of airlines have stopped their flights to the South American country because of security concerns and disputes over money they say the Venezuelan government owes them. Our corporate security team has a collaborative partnership with all of our union leaders and we will continue to do so to evaluate the situation in Venezuela," the airline said in a statement, adding that American will not operate to countries it does not consider safe. Do not accept any trips to Venezuela," Allied Pilots Association President Captain Dan Carey, told pilots in a letter seen by Reuters. United Airlines ended its flights to Venezuela in 2017.

Zimbabwe
Cyclone Idai kills at least 24 in southeast, cuts off power and communications
At least 24 people have died in southeastern Zimbabwe as homes and bridges were swept away by a tropical storm, the country's information ministry said on Saturday. Cyclone Idai, which brought floodwater and destruction to areas of Mozambique and Malawi, hit Zimbabwe on Friday, cutting off power and communications. Number of deaths is confirmed at 24 mainly from Chimanimani east. The number of missing people is currently 40 (and) the fatalities include 2 students," the ministry said on Twitter. Chimanimani, which borders Mozambique, has been worst affected, with the storm causing floods as well as destroying crops, Zimbabwe's Ministry of Information said. Air force helicopters were rescuing people, but flights were being slowed by heavy winds. Zimbabwe has faced a severe dro

Worldwide Weekly Holidays, Events & Festivals - WEEK 19, 2019

Perpetual Traveller's Weekly Edition of Holidays, Events & Festivals on a global scale!

In date order...

---------- WEEK 19 ----------

19 May - Buddha Purnima - Public HolidaySouth Korea, Macau, India, Bangladesh, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Indonesia
Buddha Purnima is the most sacred day in the Buddhist calendar and the most important festival celebrated with great enthusiasm. Although the Buddhists regard every full moon as sacred, the moon of the month of Vaisakh has special significance because on this day the Buddha was born, attained enlightenment (nirvana), and attained parinirvana (nirvana-after-death of the body) when he died.

19 May - Sri Lanka - Vesak Poya

Every full moon (one a month) is a public holiday in Sri Lanka. Each of the full moons have its own name and they are days to commemorate key events in Buddhism.

16 - 18 May - Israel, Ginosar - Jacob's Ladder
This Folk Festival takes place twice per year in May and in December. Beginning on Thursday evening and continuing until late afternoon on Saturday, it includes activities for all the family on six different stages or activity centers.
15 May - Spain - Patron Saint of Madrid
This regional holiday is celebrated in Madrid annually. Traditionally, people of Madrid take a pilgrimage to Sand Ididro's meadow to celebrate the day by drinking water from his holy fountain. Celebrations of the day begin on a Friday before the 15th, and finish on the following Sunday.

14 May Paraguay - National Holiday
A public holiday. Schools and most businesses are closed.

13 - 15 May - Cambodia - King's Birthday
To mark the holiday, the King makes offerings to monks and those less fortunate in society. It is a public holiday and many government buildings are covered in lights and pictures of the King, while people will fly the flag of Cambodia from their houses.

13 May Philippines -Special Non-Working Day
A National and Local Elections day is a day off for the general population, and schools and most businesses are closed.
---------- WEEK 18 ----------

12 May - Hong Kong - Buddha's Birthday
In Hong Kong, Buddha's Birthday is a public holiday celebrated on the 8th day of the 4th month in the Chinese lunar calendar.

11 May - Bolivia, Santa Cruz - Life in Color
What initially began as a college tradition has transformed into a world-renowned live concert, featuring spectacular DJs, soaring aerial acts, stilt-walkers, contortion acts, fire shows, and cannons to deliver the famous “Paint Blast,” along with many other unforgettable live performances. LIFE IN COLOR has grown immensely each and every year in attendance, strength of line-up, and production.

09-13 May - China, Hong Kong - Cheung Chau Da Jiu Festival
The Cheung Chau Da Jiu Festival if an annual Taoist celebration of Buddha's birthday, held in Hong Kong. It attracts thousands of international revelers each year. For the festivities, da jiu, baked buns are used to create mountains, which then the attendees climb and eat. The celebrations also involve an outstanding array of vegetarian cuisine, dancing, colorful floats, and the annual bun-snatching and paper effigy burning ceremony.

09 May - Victory Day
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Russia, Serbia, Ukraine
A public holiday in Russia and other countries celebrate the victory over Nazi Germany and the end of the Second World War (also referred to as 'The Great Patriotic War' in Russia).

09-13 May - China, Hong Kong - Cheung Chau Da Jiu Festival
The Cheung Chau Da Jiu Festival if an annual Taoist celebration of Buddha's birthday, held in Hong Kong. It attracts thousands of international revelers each year. For the festivities, da jiu, baked buns are used to create mountains, which then the attendees climb and eat. The celebrations also involve an outstanding array of vegetarian cuisine, dancing, colorful floats, and the annual bun-snatching and paper effigy burning ceremony.

8 May - Victory in Europe Day
Czech Republic, France, Slovakia, Ukraine
Victory in Europe Day (V-E Day or VE Day) is commemorated on 8 May. It is a national holiday in France known as 'Victoire 1945' or 'La fête de la victoire' and the day is also celebrated as a holiday in several other countries in Europe.

08-09 May - Israel - Independence Day
Yom Haatzmaut is Israeli Independence Day, a day of great celebration held every year in late April or early May – on the day (in the Hebrew calendar) which, in 1948, Israel declared its independence.
05 May - 04 June - Ramadan - Global
Ramadan (also known as Ramzan, Ramadhan, or Ramathan), observed by Muslims worldwide, is one of the Five Pillars of Islam
The word itself comes from the Arabic root “ramida” which roughly translates as “Scorching Heat”. Fasting was made obligatory on all adult Muslims in the Second Year of Hijri (Migration from Makkah to Madinah of Muslims). The only people exempted from keeping a fast are the ones who are travelling, aged, pregnant, diabetic, chronically ill, menstruating or breast feeding. Many children endeavour to complete as many fasts as possible as practice for later life.
---------- WEEK 17 ----------
Mexico, Puebla 05 May - Cinco de Mayo
Cinco de Mayo is one of two days which mark Mexico’s independence from foreign rulers. Mexico’s official independence day (el Dieciseis de Septiembre ) is celebrated on September 16th. Cinco de Mayo is considered a day of great importance, but is a public holiday in Puebla only. It marks the day when in 1862 President Benito Juarez sent troops to face an invading French army that was marching toward Mexico City.

Latvia 04 May - Restoration of Independence Day
May also be called the 'Declaration of Independence Day' and is known locally as 'Latvijas Republikas Neatkarības atjaunošanas diena'' and commemorates Latvia's independence from the USSR in 1990. If the day is on the weekend, then the following Monday is a holiday. 

Japan, Port Messe, Nagoya
03 May - Wekfest

Designed as an event providing opportunities for car builders to share their experiences with like minded individuals. A place where inspiration is drawn and achievements celebrated. 50 Euro, domestic & import aftermarket and restoration type vehicles on display. Over 70+ awards for exhibiting competitions. International media coverage from U.S, Malaysia, U.K., France, Canada & more. Industry leading vendor's row with over 60+ exhibiting related businesses. Official industry models and top social media influencers.

Poland 03 May - Constitution Day
Known as 'National Third of May Day', the annual celebrations involve parades and marches in most major cities. Constitution Day marks the declaration and adoption of Poland's first constitution on 3rd May 1791, which was the third declaration in the world, after that of America.

South Korea, Boseong-gun, Jeollanam-do
03 May - Boseong Green Tea Festival 

The Boseong Green Tea Field is one of the must-visit places in Korea. The activities involve hands-on experiences, like picking the leaves, making tea, and sampling green tea snacks. There are also tea exhibitions and sales, and every year additional attractions such as movie screening are included.

Thailand, Yasothon03-07 May - Yasothon Bun Bang Fai
Bun Bang Fai, or the Rocket Festival in English, is an annual celebrated by the Lao in Thailand. While the celebration takes place in various locations throughout the country, the festival in Yasothon is one of the biggest and most vibrant. It features thousands of handcrafted rocket launches into the sky, a parade, live music, dance performances and more, all displaying the beauty and uniqueness of the Lao culture.

3-17 May - UK, London - Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) 74th session

Spain, Madrid
02 May - Community Festival 

This regional holiday is celebrated annually. Known as 'Comunidad de Madrid' in Spanish, this holiday celebrates a rebellion against the French in the War for Independence.

US, West Palm Beach, Florida
02-05 May - Sunfest Music and Arts Festival

With more than 275,000 visitors recorded, SunFest is Florida's largest waterfront festival. The music-orientated event includes 3 stages for live performances from the world's most noted performers. Additional 'Sun Festivities' include floating bars, Battle of the Bands, and TGI5k Marathon, with an ending show of fireworks.

US, Fort Worth, Texas
02-05 May - Fort Worth Mayfest

Tracing its roots all the way back to the 1973 Trinity River Festival, it’s a traditional town fair-style event with carnival games, rides, live music and other performances and, of course, food and drink available for sale. Tickets tend to be very affordable, and the festival goes for multiple days across the shores of the Trinity River. The festival has also featured 5k and 10k runs, petting zoos, gift markets and athletic activities like paddle-boarding, and it has an adorable mascot in River the Mayfest Raccoon.
Global
01 May - May Day / International Workers' Day 

May Day is a public holiday usually celebrated on 1 May. It is an ancient Northern Hemisphere spring festival and a traditional spring holiday in many cultures. Dances, singing, and cake are usually part of the festivities. The holiday may also be known as Labour Day or International Workers Day and is marked with a public holiday in over 80 countries.

US, Honolulu, Hawaii01-02 May - Lei Day Celebration 
May Day is a statewide celebration of the aloha spirit and the giving of the flower lei, known globally as the symbol of Hawaii. It is an irreplaceable part of their culture, and great care is taken into creation of the lei. Each Hawaiian island has its own lei used for celebrations, reflected by their own flowers. The celebration is held in the Kapi'olani park. On the first day, the lei are created. On the second day, there is a lei competition for the public. The celebrations include festivals and music shows.

Japan01-05 May - Golden Week: A cluster of national holidays Imperial Accession Day - 1 May; Constitution Memorial Day - 3 May; Greenery Day - 4 May; Children’s Day - 5 May
It is the longest vacation for most of the Japanese workers. The length of the holiday depends on how the weekend and the national holidays connect, resulting in a week, sometimes even 10 days off. A festive atmosphere spreads all over Japan once Golden Week starts as there are a lot of events going on during this holiday. Golden Week is the time for Japanese people to go back to their hometowns or travel around. Because of this, you will run into traffic jams and crowds at the major transportation hubs. Roads and trains from Tokyo will be crowded at the beginning of Golden Week period as people living in Tokyo usually go back to their hometown or travel to some other parts of Japan. On the other hand, roads and trains to Tokyo will be packed at the end of the Golden Week period as everybody goes back to Tokyo.

United States 01-05 May - Thunder Beach Motorcycle Rally 
The biannual event is spread across seven venues of Panama Beach. The Thunder Beach Motorcycle Rally is a fest for all those who love bikes, mud, tattoos, and competition. With demos by the industry's best, live music, ladies' pageant competitions, and even karaoke, this event is not to be missed by any motor enthusiasts.

Paraguay, Asunción
30 April - Life in Color

The world's largest Paint Party with music, fire-spinning and tons of colored paint.

Japan
30 April - Showa Day 

Known in Japan as 'Shōwa no Hi', it is part of a Golden Week. Showa Day honours the birthday of Emperor Hirohito, the reigning Emperor before, during, and after World War II (from 1926 - 1989).

---------- WEEK 16 ----------

Denmark27 April - General Prayer Day
Store Bededag, also known as Great Prayer Day or General Prayer Day, is a special Danish festival celebrated on the fourth Friday after Easter Sunday. The earliest date it can fall on is 17 April and the latest is on 21 May. Great Prayer Day is basically a collection of minor Christian holy days consolidated into one day.

Netherlands27 April - Koninginnedag or King's Day
A national holiday in the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Celebrated to mark the birth of King Willem-Alexander. Koningsdag is known for its nationwide vrijmarkt ("free market"), at which many Dutch sell their secondhand items. It is also an opportunity for "orange madness" or oranjegekte, for the national colour, when the normally strait-laced Dutch let down their hair, often dyed orange for the occasion.

Netherlands, Amsterdam 27 April - Loveland Van Oranje Festival
All hail the King of the Netherlands. Instead of dropping on all fours and kissing his feet, you’ll show love for the Head Honcho by getting crazy at the Loveland Van Oranje. A wide-open grassy space allows for high-energy techno music, non-stop dance parties and nothing but positive vibes in Amsterdam.

Global26 April - Orthodox Good Friday  
Orthodox Good Friday takes place on the Friday before Orthodox Easter Sunday. The first ceremony takes place on Good Friday where the "Epitafios", an imitation of the Christ's funeral bier, is decorated with many flowers by the local women. The "Epitafios" is then paraded through the streets of the villages or the neighbourhoods of the cities. In some areas, the ceremony is also accompanied by the burning of effigies of Judas Iscariot.

Australia25 April - Anzac Day
Anzac Day is commemorated on 25 April and is arguably Australia's most important national occasion. It marks the anniversary of the first key military action fought by Australian and New Zealand forces during the First World War.If Anzac Day falls on a weekend in Australia, it is generally not moved to a weekday; though in 2015, it fell on a Saturday and the Monday was a state public holiday in Western Australia and a government holiday in ACT.

Iceland25 April - First Day of Summer
This holiday is celebrated on first Thursday after 18 April. This means it always falls between 19 April and 25 April.Known in Icelandic as 'Sumardagurinn fyrsti', this holiday is an Icelandic flag day and marks the arrival of the first day of summer.

Italy25 April - Liberation Day
Celebrated on 25 April, Liberation Day (Anniversario della Liberazione or Festa della Liberazione) commemorates the liberation of Italy by Allied troops at the end of the Second World War.

Portugal25 April - Freedom Day
A national holiday, with official commemorations. It celebrates the 1974 Revolution that ended the dictatorship and started democracy. It also commemorates the first free elections that took place a year later on 25 April 1975.

Vietnam25 April - Hung Kings Temple Festival
Each year, the key ceremony takes place at the Hung Temple on Nghia Linh Mountain in Phu Tho Province, some 85km northwest of Hanoi. A procession starts at the foot of the mountain and stops at every temple on the ascent before pilgrims offer prayers and incense to the Hung Kings when they reach the Hung Temple.

Tankwa Town, South Africa24-30 April - AfrikaBurn Festival
The New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival, often known as Jazz Fest, is an annual celebration of the music and culture of New Orleans and Louisiana. Use of the term "Jazz Fest" can also include the days surrounding the Festival and the many shows at unaffiliated New Orleans nightclubs scheduled during the Festival event weekends.
Turkey
23 April - National Sovereignty and Children's Day 
National Sovereignty and Children's Day (Ulusal Egemenlik ve Çocuk Bayramı) is a national holiday in Turkey, always celebrated on 23 April.The holiday commemorates the first opening of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey at Ankara in 1920.

Spain, Newfoundland, Canada and Rio de Janeiro in Brazil 23 April - St. George's Day
St. George's Day is celebrated annually, as this is the generally accepted date of St. George's death. St. George's Day is a regional holiday in the Aragon region of Spain and a provincial government holiday in Newfoundland, Canada. It is also a holiday for government and schools in the state of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil.
---------- WEEK 15 ----------

Brazil
21 April - Tiradentes Day
It commemorates the execution of Brazilian national hero Joaquim Jose da Silva Xavier, who died for the cause of liberty. This is a government holiday where the whole country gets to join in on the holiday.

Sri Lanka
19 April - Bak Full Moon Poya
Every full moon (usually one a month) is a public holiday in Sri Lanka. Each of the full moons have its own name and they are days to commemorate key events in Buddhism. These full moon days are known as Poya. The Poya dates will change each year and certain Poya dates may be a day before or after the date of the full moon. If there are two Poya days in a month, then the name of the second will be preceded by the word Adhi (Sinhalese: half). This National Holiday celebrates the Buddha's second visit to Sri Lanka to make peace between two warring local chiefs, who were also uncle and nephew

Uruguay
19 April - Landing of the 33 Patriots Day
A national public holiday is usually celebrated on 19 April, but may be moved depending on what day of the week it falls. It commemorates the return of Juan Lavelleja and his 33 exiled Uruguayan fighters in 1825, who took an oath to free Uruguay from Brazilian control.

Global
19 April - Good Friday
The following countries observe the Orthodox calendar in which Good Friday may occur on a different date: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Georgia, Greece, Lebanon, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Ukraine. Good Friday is a day of mourning, which takes place on the Friday before Orthodox Easter Sunday. During special Good Friday services Christians meditate on Jesus's suffering and death on the cross, and what this means for their faith. In some countries, there are special Good Friday processions, or re-enactments of the Crucifixion.

Venezuela
19 April - Independence Declaration Day
Known in Spanish as 'Declaración de la independencia', this public holiday commemorates the declaration of a local junta in Caracas in 1810.

Costa Rica
17 Apr - last day of the Holy Week Holiday
The holiday commemorates the Battle of Rivas made famous by the heroic actions of the National Hero, Juan Santamaria.

Global
17 April - Global Information Ethics Day
Honours the unique contributions made by information professionals by promoting their critical roles in the global information community. Celebrated to encourage information professionals to promote the services they provide to their users, customers and management within their organizations and to external communities.

Indonesia
17 April - National Holiday
This holiday is taking place to allow people to vote in the presidential elections.

Cambodia
15 April - Khmer New Year

Khmer New Year, also known as Cambodian New Year is usually a three day public holiday in Cambodia. In Khmer, it is called 'Chaul Chnam Thmey', which means 'enter the new year'. Khmer New Year is full of tradition and rituals with a three days of celebration, each have their own name and associated traditions.

Thailand
15 April - last day of Songkran Festival

The most famous aspect of the Songkran celebrations is the throwing of water. Indeed, Songkran is often known as the Thai Water Festival. The custom originates from spring cleaning aspect of Songkran. Part of the ritual was the cleaning of images of Buddha. Using the 'blessed' water that cleaned the images to soak other people is seen as a way of paying respect and bring good fortune.

Russia, Moscow
16-18 April - 19th International Exhibition "Equipment and Technologies for Oil and Gas Industry

Neftegaz is Russia's largest trade show in the Oil and Gas category in the Exhibition Space, International Recognition and Market Coverage nominations: The world-class event ranks in the top ten of the world's petroleum shows and bears the logos of UFI, the Global Association of the Exhibition Industry, and RUEF, the Russian Union of Exhibitions and Fairs. The most effective platform for business networking of Russian and foreign professionals of the oil and gas industry, launch of new products, learning about global trends and industry prospects.

Spain
14-21 April - Semana Santa (Holy Week), Sevilla
The parade-like processions of Catholic brotherhoods (or fraternities), many of which date back to the Middle Ages or Baroque period. The celebrations vary by region: Those held in Málaga and Seville are among the most extravagant, while those in Valladolid and Zamora tend to be more somber. The thing that attracts travelers around the world is the fantastic floats (a.k.a. Pasos) - elaborately decorated with artful sculptures depicting scenes from the Passion of Christ or the Sorrows of Virgin Mary some of which are created by famous Spanish artists, and have been used by brotherhoods for centuries. With marching bands providing musical accompaniment, it’s quite the spectacle.

Lao
13-16 April - New Year
Usually a three day public holiday, it is called 'Songkran' or 'Pii Mai'. New Year celebration in Lao last for four days, though the traditions and customs are similar to Songkran, Thai New Year.

South Korea
13 Apr / 10 May - Taean Tulip Festival
Selected as one of the world’s top five tulip festivals, Taean Tulip Festival showcases about 1.2 million tulips of 300 different species. Visitors can see tulips in various stages of development, thanks to the advanced system introduced in the Netherlands. In addition to tulips, visitors can see lupine, foxglove, lilies and other advanced breeds of spring flowers. Taean World Tulip Summit presents also world famous landmarks like Namdaemun (National Treasure No. 1) based on a theme of Bangpai-kite as well as the Eiffel Tower from France, a windmill from The Netherlands, and a pyramid from Egypt. In particular, daffodils and lilies are newly planted in the large area as friends of tulips. Through the festival, visitors can enjoy pretty flowers.

---------- WEEK 13 ----------

India
Ugadi - 06 Apr 2019
Each family member comes in front of the headstone and bows three times with their right fist held cupped in their left hand. Some families will then eat the food at the grave site, akin to having a picnic with their deceased relatives. It is said to bring good luck to eat the food that was offered to the deceased . Some families may also set off firecrackers to scare off evil spirits and to alert the deceased relatives that they are there to pay their respects.

India
Gudi - 06 Apr 2019

Gudi Padwa, also known as Gudi Padva, is celebrated on the first day of the Chaitra. This means it usually falls in late March or early April in the Gregorian calendar and generally takes place on the same day as Cheti Chand in Gujarat and Ugadi, which is celebrated as the Telugu and Kannada New Year in the Deccan region of India. On Gudi Padwa, it is customary to visit friends and family, do some spring-cleaning and dress up in new clothes.

India
Cheti Chand - 06 Apr 2019

The festival of Cheti Chand is celebrated with fairs, feasts and processions of icons of Jhulelal and other Hindu deities. It is also celebrated by the Sindhi dispora around the world.

Liverpool, United Kingdom
The Grand National - 06 Apr 2019

It is the most valuable jump race in Europe, with a prize fund of £1 million in 2017. An event that is prominent in British culture, the race is popular amongst many people who do not normally watch or bet on horse racing at other times of the year.

Senegal
Independence Day - 04 April 2019
This day is the National Day of Senegal and celebrates independence from France on 4 April 1960. The day is marked by a parade by the armed forces in Dakar, the capital of Senegal.

Taiwan
Children's Day - 04 Apr 2019
Children's Day celebrations focus on honouring model students around Taiwan and by numerous parent-children activities sponsored by government and civic organizations. Thus, the day not only focuses on children but also aims to strengthen the bond between parents and their children. International Women's Day is observed in several countries on 8 March. In Taiwan, 8 March is a commemorative day but not a non-working public holiday.

China, Hongkong, Macau, Taiwan
Ching Ming Festival - 04 Apr 2019
Ching Ming, Qingming, the Remembrance of Ancestors Day or Grave-Sweeping Day.
Each family member comes in front of the headstone and bows three times with their right fist held cupped in their left hand. Some families will then eat the food at the grave site, akin to having a picnic with their deceased relatives. It is said to bring good luck to eat the food that was offered to the deceased . Some families may also set off firecrackers to scare off evil spirits and to alert the deceased relatives that they are there to pay their respects.

UAE, Oman, Kuwait, Malaysia, Indonesia
Isra and Mi'raj - 03 Apr 2019
Celebration of Isra and Mi'raj include prayers during the night and many Muslim cities will keep their lights on all night.

Argentina
Malvinas Day - 02 Apr 2019
Malvinas Day was first introduced in 2001. It replaced the June 10th "Sovereignty over Malvinas Islands" Day, which until then had commemorated the appointment of Luis Vernet as governor of the Islands by Buenos Aires in 1832.

Cyprus
Greek Cypriot National  Day- 01 Apr 2019
Also known as 'EOKA Day', this holiday commemorates the start of the insurgence against the British in 1955. Shops and businesses may be closed. People may attend church services to remember the efforts of the EOKA to secure Cyprus' independence and special events take place in schools, so that children are made aware of the island's struggle for freedom.

Malta
Freedom Day - 31 Mar 2019
The holiday marks 31 March 1979 which was the date on which the British military finally withdrew from Malta and its sister island Gozo. The main events of the activities commemorating this date take place at the Freedom Day Monument at Vittoriosa and at the War Memorial in Floriana. In the afternoon the Grand Harbour hosts a competitive regatta.

United Kingdom/Ireland
Mother's Day - 31 Mar 2019
(also known as 'Mothering Sunday') is celebrated in the United Kingdom and Ireland on the fourth Sunday in Lent. It is not a public holiday. Nowadays, Mother's Day is a celebration of the role of the mother, similar to the American tradition, and children will give their Mother's a card and gift; younger children making their mother breakfast is a common activity. Mother's Day is the third most popular holiday for greeting cards, behind Christmas and St. Valentine's Day.

---------- WEEK 12 ----------

Trinidad and Tobago
Spiritual Baptist Day - 30 Mar 2019
Spiritual Baptists are sometimes referred to as 'shouters', as during services, they shout, clap, sing loudly and ring bells. During the time of the prohibition on their religion, the Spiritual Baptists dropped the name Shouter Baptists in order to gain more respect for their religion. The ordinance was repealed on 30 March 1951, leaving the Spiritual Baptists free to practice their religion as they wish. This holiday was first observed in 1966 to mark the repeal of the prohibition and the struggle for religious freedom.

Cape Town, South Africa
Cape Town International Jazz Festival- 29/30 Mar 2019

Affectionately referred to as “Africa’s Grandest Gathering,” the Cape Town International Jazz Festival is one of the largest jazz-oriented events in the world and the single largest music event on the continent. It’s the flagship event for espAfrika, a global event company, and the celebrated, annual music festival appeals to devotees of jazz in a traditional sense and mainstream audiences alike. Crucially, for a proudly South African event, the festival highlights native South African artists and international marquee stars in equal measure.

Madagascar
Martyrs' Day - 29 Mar 2019
Also known as Commemoration Day or Insurrection Day, this holiday memorializes those who died in the Revolt of 1947 against the French. Martyrs' Day is a time to remember those who sacrificed their lives in the rebellion for their country's freedom. 29th March was first declared as a day of mourning by President Tsiranana in 1967. A national museum dedicated to the Uprising was inaugurated in 2012 by President Andry Rajoelina at Moramanga.

Central African Republic
Boganda Day - 29 Mar 2019
Boganda's rule proved to be short-lived; he died in a plane crash on 29 March 1959 under suspicious circumstances and did not live to see his country gain full independence from France on 13 August 1960, with his cousin David Dako becoming the country's first President. On Boganda Day all banks, official government offices, businesses, and schools are closed.

Myanmar
Armed Forces Day - 27 Mar 2019
In 1886, Myanmar (then called Burma) came under British control. From the earliest days of colonisation, there was a strong feeling of resentment against the rule of the British.

Bangladesh
Independence Day - 26 Mar 2019
The holiday is marked by memorial ceremonies to remember those who lost their lives in the war for independence. In the evening, the main public buildings in the capital, Dhaka are lit up in the national colours.

Mali 
Martyrs' Day 2019 - 26 Mar 2019
Martyrs' Day is a public holiday in Mali observed on March 26th. Also known as Democracy Day, it commemorates the protesters who were died during demonstrations against President Traoré in March 1991 during the 1991 Malian coup d'état.

Greece
Independence Day - 25 Mar 2019
To mark Greek Independence Day, towns and villages throughout Greece hold flag parades, where school children march dressed in traditional Greek costume and carry Greek flags. A military parade takes place in Athens which is attended by the president of Greece and other officials. Crowds gather along the route and show their patriotism by waving flags. A traditional dish popular on Independence Day is 'bakaliaros' which is salted cod, fried in a beer batter, served with 'skordalia', a garlic aioli usually made with potato and olive oil.

New Zealand
Otago Anniversary Day - 25 Mar 2019
The Holidays Act 1981 specifies each locality observing a Provincial Anniversary Day to celebrate the founding days or landing days of the first colonists of the various colonial pro.

Argentina
Truth and Justice Memorial Day - 24 Mar 2019
The commemoration was sanctioned as Law 25633 by the Argentine National Congress on 1 August 2002, and promulgated by the Executive Branch on 22 August of the same year. However, it was not implemented as a public national holiday until 2006. The day is marked by peaceful rallies and marches by those who lost loved ones during the dirty war.

---------- WEEK 11 ----------

Sri Lanka
Madin Full Moon Poya - 22 Mar 2019

These full moon days are known as Poya. The Poya dates will change each year and certain Poya dates may be a day before or after the date of the full moon. On Poya days, shops and businesses will usually close and the sale of alcohol and meat is forbidden.

India
Holi - 22 Mar 2019

Holi was originally a festival to celebrate the start of Spring, good harvests and fertility of the land. The first mentions of it date back to a poem from the 4th century. The festival begins on the night of the full moon. Fires are lit on street corners to cleanse the air of evil spirits and bad vibes, and to symbolize the destruction of the wicked Holika, after whom the festival was named. The following morning, the streets fill with people running, shouting, giggling and splashing.

Tunisia
Independence Day - 22 Mar 2019

The holiday was established to celebrate the anniversary of Tunisia's independence from France on 20 March 1956 and is Tunisia's national holiday.

Israel
Purim - 21 Mar 2019
Purim is characterized by public readings of the Book of Esther, giving mutual gifts of food and drink, giving charity to the poor, and a festive meal. Other customs include drinking wine and the wearing of masks and costumes. On Purim day, typically toward evening, a festive meal called Seudat Purim is held, often with wine as the prominent beverage; consequently, drunkenness is not uncommon at this meal.

Japan
Vernal Equinox - 21 Mar 2019
The vernal equinox (or spring equinox) marks the beginning of astronomical spring. In modern Japan, the day still maintains its older traditions as visiting family graves and holding family reunions is a common way of celebrating the equinox.

Namibia
Independence Day - 21 Mar 2019
The country officially gained independence on 21 March 1990 changing its name to Namibia and adopting its current flag. Sam Nujoma was sworn in as the first President of Namibia at a ceremony attended by Nelson Mandela of South Africa, who had only been released from prison the month before.

South Africa
Human Rights Day - 21 Mar 2019
In recognition of the events on this day, the United Nations has declared that 21 March each year is 'The International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination'. Proclaiming the Day in 1966, the General Assembly called on the international community to redouble its efforts to eliminate all forms of racial discrimination.

Albania
Novruz- 20 Mar 2019
Novruz celebrates the Persian New Year, and the beginning of Spring. Novruz means 'New Day'. Like a lot of spring festivals, this idea of purification and starting again is key. Indeed, before Novruz, activities based on renewal like spring cleaning, planting trees, make new clothes and painting eggs are popular.

Global
St. Joseph's Day - 19 Mar 2019
Saint Joseph's Day, 19 March, has been the Feast of St. Joseph in Western Christianity since the tenth century. St. Joseph's day always falls in Lent, so meals on his day are always associated with meatless dishes. In Italy a tradition is to serve food that contains bread crumbs as these represent saw dust since St. Joseph was a carpenter. In Valencia, Spain, St. Joseph's Day is celebrated as Fallas, a city-wide celebration that lasts for five days.

Aruba
National Flag and Anthem Day - 18 Mar 2019
The Aruban national anthem is called "Aruba Dushi Tera" (Aruba Sweet Land). It is a waltz composed as a result of a collaboration by three of Aruba's most celebrated artists: Juan Chabaya Lampe, Rufo Wever and Hubert Booi. This official holiday is celebrated with cultural, sports and musical events across the island and there is a national celebration in the evening at Plaza Betico in Oranjestad, the capital of Aruba.

Mexico
Birthday of Benito Juárez - 18 Mar 2019
It is a reflection on his importance to Mexico, that Benito Juárez is the only Mexican to have his own national holiday. Indeed, the period of his leadership is known in Mexican history as 'La Reforma' (the reform), and marked a political and social revolution with major constitutional consequences. All schools will close, as will banks and government offices. Many stores will be closed, but most supermarkets will remain open.

Bangladesh
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's Birthday - 17 Mar 2019
This holiday may also be known as 'Father of the Nation's birth anniversary' and it commemorates the birthday of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman who is regarded as the father of the nation of Bangladesh.

Ireland
St. Patrick's Day 2019 - 17 Mar 2019
Saint Patrick’s Day is a cultural and religious celebration to commemorates the death of Saint Patrick which is the foremost patron saint of Ireland. Celebrations generally involve public parades and festivals, Irish traditional music sessions (céilithe), and the wearing of green attire or shamrocks.[6] There are also formal gatherings such as banquets and dances, although these were more common in the past. St Patrick's Day parades began in North America in the 18th century but did not spread to Ireland until the 20th century.[14] The participants generally include marching bands, the military, fire brigades, cultural organisations, charitable organisations, voluntary associations, youth groups, fraternities, and so on. However, over time, many of the parades have become more akin to a carnival. More effort is made to use the Irish language, especially in Ireland, where the week of St Patrick's Day is "Irish language week".

The Best and Worst Tourists in the world!

Related image

As Perpetual Travellers we are all too quick to judge the transportation means and accommodation units that we frequent, whilst demanding ever increasing services at lower cost in line with our needs, but who is judging us the Tourists?

Having worked in the Tourism Industry for over 30 years within the fields of Hotels, Tour Operators, Airlines and Cruises, I learned from many of my former colleagues typically over coffee breaks or in more informal settings, that we the industry people often categorize Tourists and the behaviors of our Guests by their nationality, which in all honesty involves a measure of stereotyping.

For example many of us know that omni-present classic European statement, which is supposed to explain the essence of our strengths and weaknesses, as an expression of how we view ourselves in Europe. If you are not familiar, it goes something like this…

The perfect Europe would be when all the…
  • Cooks were French
  • Police are British
  • Mechanics are German
  • Lovers are Italian
  • And everything was organized by the Swiss
In stark contrast Europe would be HELL if all the…
  • Cooks were British (Fish & Chips for all)
  • Police were German (tough and inflexible)
  • Mechanics were French (on strike)
  • Lovers were Swiss (organized but boring)
  • And everything was organized by the Italians (just like Italian Politics!)
As former a former Director of a Cruise Line, I remember all too well profiling tourists of each country by their habits, culture, customs and traditions; looking at ways in which we could tap into such trends from a revenue generation perspective. For example, with regards to the Casino I discovered how people typically played according to their Nationality profile as follows...
  • The French in general show a strong preference towards SLOT machines
  • Italians play card Games with EMOTION, whereby the environment, people and Croupier is critical to their playing patterns. In other words, they need to feel comfortable and to be seduced by the environment and/or people. We learned too The Spanish, Portuguese and Latino's in general are similar in this respect
  • The Russians tend to play for POWER. It's not only a matter of winning or losing, but showing your strength and power at the card table.
  • The Americans play for FUN. They consider that Casino type Games are fun and that they buy fun, so that even if one loses, they can buy fun or entertainment. Las Vegas was in fact built on the concept of fun and Americans are the only nationality happy to lose!
  • The Greeks, Cypriots and Turks play COMPULSIVELY. Once they get started, their compulsive nature takes over. People often drive in the same compulsive way in Athens and Istanbul. The strange thing about Greeks and Turks, who often do not see eye to eye on some matters, when it comes to habits and even eating preferences they are quite similar.
  • The Chinese are somewhat ADDICTED to gambling. The quality of the environment or even the service is not critical, as playing is what matters and the habit is fast, furious and addictive. This is why recently Casino receipts in Macao overtook Las Vegas.
  • On the other hand Israeli's play to WIN, more than anyone else we encountered or experienced. Losing is never on the agenda.
On a more general feedback note on Tourists, I was interested to see that 4,000 Hoteliers were asked by Expedia to vote on the “Best & worst tourists”. They were requested to vote on the following...
  • Attitude
  • Manners
  • Complaints
  • Language cleanliness
  • Money spent
  • Generosity
To say the least the results are interesting and provide a fascinating insight to what the Hoteliers think about their own Guests. Here below are the results all things considered of the best and worst Tourists in the world in order of the best first...
  1. Japanese Generally regarded as the best, as they are in particular respectful, polite, quiet and tidy. 
  2. German/British (tie for second place) The Germans were considered the tidiest of all nationalities but certainly not good tippers.
  3. Canadian
  4. Swiss 
  5. Dutch 
  6. Australian/Swedish (tie)
  7. Belgian
  8. Norwegian 
  9. Austrian/Danish/Finnish (tie) 
  10. New Zealand (Kiwi) 
  11. U.S. American/Thai (tie) Although American Guests are still regarded as the biggest-spending and best-tipping tourists, though somewhat over-demanding. 
  12. Irish/Czech/South African/Portuguese (tie) 
  13. Brazilian Lots of fun, love parties, they like to stay up to the early hours, but many are extremely messy and often leave a trail of disaster behind them.
  14. Italian/Greek/Polish (tie) Italian were voted as best dressed, which is not surprising, but according to the survey lacking in language skills.
  15. Turkish 
  16. Spanish
  17. Mexican
  18. Russian 
  19. French Like the Italians lacking in language skills and clearly they do not like tipping.
  20. Indian 
  21. Chinese
* Survey compiled by: Expedia.fr

So there you have it, the best and worst Tourists worldwide according to Expedia with a touch of my own experience. Of course, this cannot be considered as definitive, however it does provide us with a good indication of how Hoteliers perceive their Guests from different languages.

One thing is for certain, there should be some kind of international code of conduct for how Tourists conduct themselves and how they should respect local culture. The days of trashing Hotel rooms, drunken Tourists, no respect for local customs and treating locals in an arrogant or patronizing way must stop.

Editor
Perpetual Traveller


Este sítio Web utiliza cookies. Para saber mais sobre os nossos cookies, leia os nossos Termos e condições de utilização.
Fechar